The seven characteristics of Chinese culture

The vast history of civilization of five thousand years left not only the imprints of the years, but also countless cultural resources. Among these heavy and unique cultural resources, what else should we recommend to the world?

  1. The cultural identity is good, and the Chinese people are sincere and kind.

Although there are divergent views on the theory of human nature in Chinese culture, the theory of good nature has always been the basic premise of our moral practice.

During the Warring States Period, Mencius advocated “good nature” and believed that human beings are kind, and everyone has “compassion, shame, reverence, right and wrong.” Although Xunzi proposed “evil nature”, he also believes that “evil people” can become good after education, and that the ultimate return of human beings is kindness.

In the Han dynasty, “dismissed a hundred schools of thought and respected Confucianism”, and the theory of human nature of “good nature” gradually became the mainstream view of the official imperative.

The Buddhist mind-nature theory of “all beings have Buddha-nature” is not only the core content of Chinese Buddhist theory, but also the point that fits most with China’s inherent philosophical thoughts. Although many Confucian scholars reject Buddhism, they hold a positive attitude towards Buddhism’s theory of mind and nature.

Chinese traditional culture for thousands of years has always pursued the word “goodness”: dealing with people, emphasizing the intention of being kind; interacting with others, paying attention to being kind to others; asking for oneself, advocating being kind.

Kindness and sincerity are the fundamental and basic requirements of life.

A kind person is like a lamp, while illuminating others, it also warms oneself. Kindness does not need to be forced, it will spread. Only with sincerity and kindness can we live a peaceful and peaceful life.

  1. The culture stretches and is tenacious, and Chinese people are constantly striving to improve

Chinese culture is an endless cultural system with strong vitality. It has gone through vicissitudes and hardships, passed on through the ups and downs, and has made remarkable achievements in all generations during thousands of years of development.

Chinese culture is produced, formed and developed in a specific environment. Along with the formation of a unified multi-ethnic country, although state power has changed, or there have been ups and downs, the integration of nations has never been interrupted.

In the migration, aggregation, and war conflicts of nations, there have been climaxes of cultural fusion and cultural exchanges again and again, forming a broad and profound Chinese culture, and it continues to move forward.

In the repeated rise and fall, the Chinese nation has also formed a national character of self-improvement. In the Book of Changes, there is a saying that “the sky is healthy, and the gentleman strives for self-improvement”. “The Analects” also emphasized that people should be self-improving, “not complaining about the heavens, and not showing others.”

Only by continuous self-improvement can one gain dignity. This is true for a country, a nation, and even more so for a person. From the Hundred Days Maintenance to the Revolution of 1911, from the Westernization Movement to Huanghuagang, self-improvement is a persistent effort without hesitation.

Self-improvement in life, and self-improvement in my generation!

  1. Culture emphasizes sentiment and justice, and Chinese people have sentiment and justice

Chinese culture is a kind of culture, local and ethical. The attachment and deep friendship to the homeland and family can be seen everywhere in Chinese culture.

The “Book of Rites” says that “you can’t settle down, and you can’t be happy; if you can’t be happy, you can’t become one.” The local soil is closely integrated with one’s own cultivation. Ancestral halls and genealogies are clear evidence of the importance of sentiment in Chinese culture.

The emotions flowing in Chinese culture not only meander in the homeland, but also in the universe and landscapes. Which of poetry, calligraphy and painting is not a product of a combination of scenes? Withered vines, old trees, autumn breeze, and yellow flowers are all in it.

Chinese culture values affection, and the Chinese nation nourished by culture is no exception. Compared with Westerners, we are more emotional and moral. We will have “neighbors watching” and “seeing uneven roads.” The Chinese nation is a kind and righteous nation. A person who values affection is a kind person, and a person who values affection is a sincere person.

  1. The culture has a long history, and the Chinese people are stable and conservative

China has a long history, which everyone knows.

Throughout the five thousand years of history, the Chinese nation has experienced repeated shocks, cleansing and elimination from historical trends, and created a splendid Chinese culture through its own hard work and continuous self-improvement.

The earliest written records in our country date back to the Yin and Shang dynasties. People have begun to smelt iron and use ironware in the Western Weekend. When among the four ancient civilizations, ancient Egypt, Babylon, and ancient India were successively obscured in the dust of history, only Chinese culture was passed on.

The longevity of Chinese culture has to a certain extent produced the conservative and stable personality characteristics of the Chinese people, and the Chinese nation’s emphasis on real life and conservative character has to a certain extent created the long-standing characteristics of Chinese culture.

Why is the history so long? It is generally believed that Chinese people value the maintenance of real life and are conservative.

Because it attaches importance to the maintenance of real life, it is not like Westerners who like to pursue the ideals of surreal life or the pursuit of the gods, so that the real life of the nation can be preserved for a long time.

Because of the emphasis on conservativeness, all life is habitual, do not waste too much effort, so that the vitality of the nation will be saved for a long time because of economy.

Chinese culture has a long history, has a long history, has a rich culture, and has experienced many worries. Therefore, the Chinese nation has the character of being careful and prudent. Lu You said in his poem: “The lingering sorrows in life, the thorns grind into a solid circle.”

  1. Cultural family-oriented, Chinese people pay attention to family affection

The biggest feature of Chinese society is that the family is the center of social activities. The family is like an artificial barrier, becoming the most complete safe haven for everyone. “The origin of the country is at home”, China’s family consciousness is constantly expanding outward, so that almost all human relations are familyized.

There is family law in the traditional family, and ancestor worship can also be said to be unique to China. This process must also be carried out in the family.

Mr. Qian Mu once said that “Chinese culture is all built on the concept of family.” Chinese people pay special attention to family.

The Chinese nation has a family-oriented character. We are now emphasizing the importance of family building and promoting family civilization. In fact, Chinese culture has never lacked the importance of family.

The ancients said that “cultivating one’s body, aligning the family, governing the country, and making the world peaceful”, for today’s Chinese, the family is always the first in their hearts.

  1. Culture advocates peace, and people are at peace in their hearts

There are traces of Chinese culture advocating peace. Yao and Shun’s renunciation has been passed down for thousands of years. During the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Period, although military affairs continued, advocating peace was still the mainstream. Mozi proposed “universal love” and “non-attack”, Confucius said “li”, Mencius and Xunzi said, “doing one injustice, killing one innocent, and gaining the world, nothing is done.”

China has been an agricultural society since ancient times, “emphasizing agriculture and restraining business”. Under the small-scale peasant economy, people have fixed homes and live on the fields. Once war starts, people are often displaced. The highest requirement of farmers is to live a peaceful life. They are most afraid of unrest.

When Buddhism was introduced to China, the peace of Buddhism also had an impact on Chinese culture.

Chinese culture advocates peace, and the Chinese nation is peaceful at heart. Peaceful people can see, let go, think clearly, and live freely. Tolerant, tolerant, tolerant, to forgive.

We often say “peace of heart”, peace is a kind of wisdom in life, “do not be humiliated, leave without intention”, Zhuangzi said in “Xiaoyaoyou”, “the world is honored without persuasion, the world is not without discouragement”, and peace is An attitude of dealing with others.

  1. Culture is inclusive of all rivers, and Chinese people are tolerant to others

Although Chinese orthodox Confucians also replaced heretics, and some Mencius denounced Yang and Mo, “Taoism goes hand in hand without contradiction” has always been an ideal of Chinese intellectuals.

Historically, through the Silk Road and the Maritime Silk Road, many foreign cultures entered the Chinese region, but until the eve of modern times, these cultures have never caused serious conflicts. Chinese culture with its unique tension tolerates and assimilates these foreign cultures. culture.

In many places in China, there is often the phenomenon that Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism are enshrined in one congregation, which just shows the unique tolerance of Chinese culture. Assimilate and blend with local culture.

Consistent with the inclusive nature of Chinese culture is the character of the Chinese nation that treats others with tolerance. In the Song Dynasty, a Taoist wrote the first “Queju”. In the poem, he said: “You have to be forgiving and forgiving from the cave.” Feng Menglong of the Ming Dynasty said, “If you can tolerate a villain, you will become a gentleman.”

The spirit of tolerance is the greatest of all things. Tolerance is not to tolerate mistakes and weakness, but a kind of courage and strength.

Kong Rong said: “Tolerance is to help fiercely, violently to help forgiveness, and politics to be peaceful.” Tolerance is a kind of generosity, a kind of self-cultivation, tolerance and tolerance of others.

Social tolerance, the world can be more harmonious, after all, tolerance is the best way to communicate between people.

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