China’s top ten traditional cultures

01.musical instrument

The first to appear is the guqin, which was originally a five-stringed string and later increased to a seven-stringed string. The creators of the qin said “Xi Fuxi made the qin”, “Shennong made the qin”, “Shun made the five-stringed qin to sing the south wind” and so on. The legend is hard to believe, but it can be seen that the qin has a long history in China.

Later, there was the Guzheng, which prevailed in the “Qin” area during the Warring States Period. After generations of inheritance and evolution, it became the 21-string piano, which is still popular today.

2.chess

Mainly refers to Go and Chess. The origin of Go: Yao and Shun used chess to teach children. One of the four great arts of ancient China.

Chinese chess originated in the Warring States Period, when a kind of cultural and cultural chess was popular, with 6 pieces on each side. In the Tang Dynasty, chess has undergone great changes in China. There have been some changes. There have been four arms of “General, Horse, Chariot, and Pawn”. The chessboard, like chess, consists of 64 squares in black and white. Later, referring to the game of Go in our country, 64 squares were changed to 90 points. In the Song Dynasty, Chinese chess was basically finalized. In addition to the addition of “cannons” due to the invention of gunpowder, “shi” and “xiang” were also added.

3.book

Calligraphy is a unique art of the Chinese nation. Its formation, spread and development have its profound history and complicated cultural background.

In short: (Oracle Bone Inscriptions)-(Bronze Inscriptions)-(Stone Inscriptions)-(Seal Script)-(Official Script)-(Cursive Script)-(Running Script)-(Regular Script)

4.painting

Since the development of Chinese painting, the main historical evolutions are as follows:

1. The initial formation of national painting styles in the pre-Qin and Han dynasties;

2. The development stage of painting during the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties;

3. The Sui, Tang and Five Dynasties period when painting tended to flourish;

4. The flourishing paintings of the Second Song Dynasty;

5. Yuan Dynasty painting with pen and ink as the mainstream;

6. The emergence of painting schools in the Ming and Qing dynasties;

7. Modern painting that inherits and develops.

5.poetry

“The Book of Songs” is the beginning of ancient Chinese poetry, the earliest collection of poems, originally called “Poems” or “Three Hundred Poems”. Poems have a wide range of subjects, generally divided into archaic poems and new poems. Such as four-character, five-character, seven-character, five-law, seven-law, Yuefu, fun poem, lyric poem, obscure poem, etc. The creation of poems generally requires rhyming, and antithesis meets the basic requirements of starting, inheriting, turning, and combining.

6.liqueur

The history of Chinese wine can be traced back to ancient times. Records of “Historical Records · Yin Benji” about King Zhou “using wine as a pool, hanging meat as a forest” and “for the drink of a long night”, as well as “October to get rice, spring wine for this reason” and “for this spring wine” in The Book of Songs , With the verse of “Jie Meishou” and so on. All show that the rise of wine in our country has a history of more than 5,000 years.

7.tea

Chinese tea culture also has a long history. It originated from Shennong, heard from Lu Zhougong, flourished in Tang, flourished in Song, and became popular to modern times.

The emergence of Lu Yu’s “Tea Classic” in the Tang Dynasty was a sign of the formation of tea culture, and Lu Yu was even revered as a “tea saint” and “tea god” by later generations. It is a tradition of the Chinese nation to offer tea to guests.

Chinese tea culture is a blend of Chinese Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, medical treatment, flower arrangement, incense and Taoism. Being unique is a wonderful flower in Chinese culture!

8.flower

The original idea and prototype of flower arrangement existed in our country nearly 2000 years ago. Flower arranging was popular in the Tang Dynasty and popular in the court. In temples, it was used as a flower offering in front of the Buddha in the altar.

Flower arranging is an art. Like sculpture, bonsai, gardening, architecture, etc., it belongs to the category of plastic art. To put it simply, flower arrangement refers to the cutting of branches, leaves, and flowers of plants as materials, and after certain techniques (pruning, pruning, bending, etc.) and artistic (conception, modeling and coloring, etc.) processing, they are reconfigured into one piece. Exquisite and beautiful, full of poetic and picturesque, flower art that can reproduce the beauty of nature and life, so it is called flower arrangement art.

9.Incense for sacrificial offerings and offering incense before the Buddha.

As the quintessence of Chinese traditional culture, Xiang’s fate is ups and downs. It sprouted from the ancient sacrificial rites; it started from the virtue of wearing fragrance in the spring and autumn; formed in the Han Dynasty and the noble fragrance; matured in the flourishing of incense in the prosperous Tang Dynasty; popularized in the broad incense burning in the two Songs; perfected in the trend of fragrance in Ming and Qing; Worry about fighting in troubled times; rejuvenating in a stable and harmonious world.

10.Tai Chi

The so-called Tai Chi is to clarify the process of the universe from Wu Ji to Tai Chi, and even the transformation of all things. The text of the Book of Changes: “Therefore, there is Tai Chi, and there are two forms of life.” Tai Chi refers to the state before the heaven and the earth are open and the chaos does not distinguish between yin and yang. The two instruments of Tai Chi are the two instruments of yin and yang. The Biography of Cici also said: “Two Yi give birth to four Xiangs, and Four Xiangs give birth to gossip.” It means that all things and phenomena in the vast universe contain yin and yang, as well as the outer and inner sides.

“The Book of Changes” and other Chinese classical philosophy, Taoist theory of health preservation, TCM meridian theory, art of war and other martial arts rich theories and experience have formed China’s fertile soil. Taijiquan sprouts and grows on this fertile soil, and many genres are derived from inheritance and innovation.

The excellent Chinese traditional culture is the “root” and “soul” of the Chinese nation. It contains rich philosophical thoughts, humanistic spirits, enlightenment thoughts, moral concepts, etc., and provides strong spiritual support for the Chinese nation’s own development.

Entering the new stage of development, we must inherit and carry forward the excellent traditional culture in accordance with the conditions of the times and give it new meaning. Promote the creative transformation and innovative development of Chinese excellent traditional culture to make it compatible with modern society. Grasp the combination of tradition and modernity, make full use of various forms of artistic expression, use various media such as the Internet, and take advantage of cultural centers, museums and other cultural venues to actively develop cultural and creative products, so that traditional culture can enter the people in novel and extraordinary ways Life has become a “new fashion”.

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