China’s 11 martial arts


Taijiquan, a national intangible cultural heritage, is based on the core ideas of Tai Chi and Yin Yang dialectical ideas in traditional Chinese philosophy of Confucianism and Taoism. It integrates various functions such as maintaining one’s temper, strengthening one’s body, fighting and antagonism, and combines the changes of Yin Yang and five elements in Yi learning, and the meridian theory of traditional Chinese medicine. It is a kind of traditional quanshu of the Han nationality, which is formed by the ancient guiding technique and the toning technique. It is soft, slow, light and gentle. After 1949, it was unified adapted by the National Sports Commission as gymnastics, performances and sports competitions to strengthen the body. After the reform and opening up, China has partially restored its original appearance. Thus, it is divided into Tai Chi for martial arts, Tai Chi exercise for gymnastics and Tai Chi push hand. There are many schools of traditional Taijiquan, among which there are Chen style, Yang style, Wu style, Sun style, He style and other common schools of Taijiquan. Each school has inheritance relationship, learns from each other, and has its own characteristics, showing the state of a hundred flowers blooming together. As taijiquan is a modern form of boxing, with numerous schools and a broad mass base, it has become a very vigorous branch of Chinese martial arts. In 2006, Tai Chi was included in China’s first national intangible cultural heritage list.

Xingyi quan

Xingyiquan, also known as Xingyiquan, is one of the traditional Chinese quanshu. Although there are different accounts of its origin, the original founder is widely recognized as Ji Jike (1602-1680), a native of Puzhou, Shanxi Province (now Yongji City) in the late Ming and early Qing Dynasties. At the beginning of xingyiquan, it is called xinhuanliuhe boxing, that is, xinyiquan and meaning, meaning and qi, qi and force, shoulder and crotch, elbow and knee, hand and foot. Xingyiquan, which is currently popular, was founded by Li Luoneng, a native of Shenzhou, Hebei Province, during the Daoguang Period, and reformed on the basis of Xinxin Boxing. Later revered Li Luoneng as the founder of Xingyiquan. The basic contents of xingyiquan created by li luoneng include three-style piling kung, five-element boxing and 12-shape boxing. The three-style is the unique training method of basic skills and internal skills of xingyiquan, which is called “all kinds of methods are derived from the three-style”. Five elements boxing combines the five elements of metal, wood, water, fire and earth, which are split boxing (gold), drilling boxing (water), breaking boxing (wood), gun boxing (fire) and horizontal boxing (earth). Twelve shape fist is an actual combat technique created by imitating the movement characteristics of twelve animals. They are dragon shape, tiger shape, bear shape, snake shape, Chinese Tai shape, monkey shape, horse shape, chicken shape, swift shape, alligator shape, harrier shape and eagle shape. On May 23, 2011, Xingyiquan was approved by the State Council to be listed in the third batch of national intangible cultural heritage list. On November 12, 2019, it was selected into the list of representative protection units of national intangible cultural heritage after adjustment. In November 2019, the General Office of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism organized the inspection and adjustment of the protection units for the representative items of the national intangible cultural heritage, and the protection unit of Xingyiquan is the Shenzhou Xingyiquan Association.

The routine

Bagua palm, also known as Youshen Bagua palm and Bagua interlinked palm, is a traditional Chinese quanshu that focuses on the transformation of palm techniques and the rotation of walking steps. It is one of the famous types of Chinese traditional martial arts and is very popular. Bagua Zhang has five schools. It was founded in the late Qing Dynasty by Dong Haichuan, a native of Wen ‘an, Langfang City, Hebei Province. It is said that Dong Haichuan got the enlightenment of Taoist training when he was traveling in the south of the Yangtze River, and combined martial arts to sort it out. It is named Bagua Zhang because it is crisscrossed and divided into four directions, four corners and eight directions. It is similar to the hexagrams in the Bagua diagram of Zhouyi. Some forms of eight-hexagram zhang are often explained by the principles of the hexagrams, and the eight hexagrams represent the basic eight palms. On June 7, 2008, Bagua Zhang was approved by the State Council to be listed in the second batch of national intangible cultural heritage. On November 12, 2019, it was selected into the list of representative protection units of national intangible cultural heritage after adjustment. In November 2019, the General Office of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism organized the inspection and adjustment of representative national intangible cultural heritage protection units, including the Beijing Wushu Sports Association.

Pass back fist

Traditional Chinese Wushu has various schools and different origins. It is said that Tongbei Boxing, which is popular in Beijing and Tianjin, was created by Qi Xin, a native of Bazhou, Langfang City, Hebei Province in the late Qing Dynasty. Qi family was good at the bar technique, and when Mr. Ma from Henan Province was good at the boxing technique, they exchanged the bar technique for the boxing technique, and later when Mr. Zhao was good at the sword technique, they exchanged the bar technique and formed the unique “12 links” method, “8 steps 13 knives” method and “108 single hands” method of Qi family, and Qi family tong back boxing became famous in the world. Tongbackboxing, approved by the State Council in 2014 in the fourth batch of national intangible cultural heritage list of a traditional sport. On November 12, 2019, the Beijing Wushu Sports Association listed the units under the protection of the representative project of the national intangible cultural heritage (Tongbackboxing).

Octupole fist

Bajiquan is a kind of boxing technique in Chinese martial arts. The word “eight-pole” of this boxing method was originally a concept of ancient geography, which originated from “between heaven and earth, Jiuzhou eight-pole” in the Han Dynasty’s “Huainan Zi · Hang-shaped Xun”. Today, the word “baji” is used in martial arts, which means “power can reach far away in all directions”. Baji boxing belongs to the short boxing style, its movements generally pursue the fierce, simple and swift style. In the technique of attack on the inch cut inch to take, hard hard open. Really has the general to get, help, squeeze, rely on, collapse, shake the characteristics. Eight pole boxing force in the heel, line in the waist, through the fingertips, so the outbreak force is great, very rich in the characteristics of the attack, there is a “shake bang down the sky, stomp Jiuzhou” potential. Therefore, in the traditional Chinese martial arts circle, Bajiquan is known as “Tai Chi is the peace of the world in literature, and Bajiquan is the peace of the universe in martial arts”. On June 7, 2008, Bajiquan was approved by the State Council to be listed in the second batch of national intangible cultural heritage list.

Wing chun

Wing Chun is a traditional Chinese martial art, a technique of deterrence of aggression, an active, streamlined system of self-defense, and the legitimate use of force. Compared with other traditional Chinese martial arts, it focuses more on subduing the opponent as quickly as possible to minimize damage to the person involved. Wing Chun is a characteristic southern boxing based on the theory of “the middle line”. It emphasizes the use of correct concepts, consciousness and ways of thinking to lead to the flexible application of the body. Find its content mainly includes “little thoughts” and “bridge” and “standard” and so on, mainly exercises for double prepared “sticking hands” “sticking feet”, etc.; Auxiliary equipment are wall sandbag, three star pile, etc.; Training instruments include wooden stakes, knives, sticks and so on. On November 11, 2014, the “Wing Chun” project declared by Fuzhou City of Fujian Province became the fourth batch of representative projects of national intangible cultural heritage. In November 2019, the List of Protective Units for Representative Projects of National Intangible Cultural Heritage was published, and Fujian Traditional Wing Chun (Strait) Cultural Development Center was qualified as a Protective Unit for Wing Chun Project.

Hong boxing

Hong Boxing is a traditional Chinese boxing and one of the representatives of the southern school of boxing. Together with Liu, Li, Cai and Mo, Hong Boxing is known as the five famous boxing in Guangdong. There are three theories about the origin of Hongquan. One is that Hongquan is a kind of quanshu which was taught by the Triad (Hongmen), a secret folk association in southern China in the Qing Dynasty under the guise of Shaolin. The other one is derived from the local quanshu and other quanshu in Shaanxi during the Yuan and Ming Dynasties. It has a history of more than 300 years. Another theory is that it was founded by Hongxiguan, a disciple of southern Shaolin laity, during the reign of Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty. The first of these claims is widely accepted. Hongquan is widely spread, such as Guangdong and Guangxi, the two lakes, Sichuan and Shaanxi provinces, etc. It also has a great influence in Hong Kong, Macao, Australia, the United States, Canada and some countries and regions in Southeast Asia. In Taiwan Hongmen by Zheng Chenggong founded in Taiwan “Jintai Mountain” began to spread, in the south of China to develop organizations, practice martial arts, propaganda anti-Qing and restore Ming thought. In 2015, Hongquan was listed as an intangible cultural heritage of Guangzhou. In May 2018, Hong Quan was included in the seventh batch of representative projects of provincial intangible cultural heritage in Guangdong Province.

Tan legs

Tan leg is one of the Chinese martial arts. In martial arts, there is always the name of “Southern Quan and Northern Legs”. Here the Southern Quan refers to Hong Quan and the Northern Legs refer to Tan Legs, also known as “Tan Legs”. Tam leg routine simple neat, symmetrical, momentum coherent. In terms of offensive and defensive skills, it strongly highlights the characteristics of the Northern Fist School, with varied legs and smooth turning back and forth.


Sanda, also known as Sanshou, is a bare-handed combat event in which two people fight each other in accordance with certain rules and use such offensive and defensive techniques as kicking, hitting and throwing in traditional wushu. It is an important form of competition in Chinese wushu. It is divided into ancient Sanda and modern Sanda. Wushu Sanda is an excellent cultural heritage of the Chinese nation. It evolved and developed gradually under the specific social and historical conditions of China, so it has distinct national characteristics. Chinese Sanda is different from Western Boxing and Taekwondo. More different from the use of leg, elbow, knee Muay Thai and can not use the kick, can only use the method of throw, mix, tackle judo and other projects; Sanda is different from the free fight in western countries. It is also different from Japanese karate, sumo, kboxdo, fighting, and French kick boxing. The national form of Sanda is not fixed, nor can it be understood as a “past form” or a “historical form”. The form of a nation has distinct characteristics of The Times, so the form is not single, but changing and evolving.

China falls

One of the oldest sports in China. In ancient times, it was called Jueli, Juedi, Xiangpu, Jijiao, etc. As early as the Yellow Emperor’s time more than five thousand years ago, there was ancient wrestling. According to the Book of Rites, Wrestling, archery and driving were listed as military training items in the Zhou Dynasty. During the half century from the end of Qin Dynasty to Emperor Jingdi of Han Dynasty, wrestling was at a low ebb. Wrestling became popular again in 140 BC during the reign of Emperor Wudi of the Han Dynasty. In the Jin Dynasty, wrestling matches were held in the Lantern Festival. In the Tang Dynasty, contests were held in spring and autumn, which was also an entertainment project for the court. During the Five Dynasties, wrestling skills emphasized agility and lightness, and famous wrestlers came into being in large numbers. The first book about wrestling in China — The Story of Jueli by Diao Luzi appeared. Women’s wrestling also appeared in the Song Dynasty. There is a folk wrestling organization called Juedi. Wrestling matches in this period were divided into three rounds.

Jeet kune do

Empty your mind. Invisible, like water. You put water into a cup and it becomes the shape of a cup. Pour water into a teapot and it becomes the shape of a teapot.

Put it in the ring and it becomes MMA skill, put it in the street and it becomes street skill.

Water can flow quietly, or it can rush. Be like water, my friend!

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